Basename - parse file specifications
fileparse - split a pathname into pieces
basename - extract just the filename from a path
dirname - extract just the directory from a path
($name,$path,$suffix) = fileparse($fullname,@suffixlist)
$basename = basename($fullname,@suffixlist);
$dirname = dirname($fullname);
($name,$path,$suffix) = fileparse("lib/File/Basename.pm","\.pm");
$basename = basename("lib/File/Basename.pm",".pm");
$dirname = dirname("lib/File/Basename.pm");
These routines allow you to parse file specifications into useful
pieces using the syntax of different operating systems.
You select the syntax via the routine
If the argument passed to it contains one of the substrings
``VMS'', ``MSDOS'', or ``MacOS'', the file specification syntax of that
operating system is used in future calls to
. If it contains none of these
substrings, UNIX syntax is used. This pattern matching is
case-insensitive. If you've selected VMS syntax, and the file
specification you pass to one of these routines contains a ``/'',
they assume you are using UNIX emulation and apply the UNIX syntax
rules instead, for that function call only.
If you haven't called
, the syntax is chosen
by examining the ``osname'' entry from the
according to these rules.
routine divides a file specification into three
parts: a leading path, a file name, and a suffix. The
path contains everything up to and including the last directory
separator in the input file specification. The remainder of the input
file specification is then divided into name and suffix based on
the optional patterns you specify in
@suffixlist. Each element of
this list is interpreted as a regular expression, and is matched
against the end of name. If this succeeds, the matching portion of
name is removed and prepended to suffix. By proper use of
@suffixlist, you can remove file types or versions for examination.
You are guaranteed that if you concatenate path, name, and
suffix together in that order, the result will be identical to the
input file specification.
Using UNIX file syntax:
($base,$path,$type) = fileparse('/virgil/aeneid/draft.book7',
$base eq 'draft'
$path eq '/virgil/aeneid',
$tail eq '.book7'
Similarly, using VMS syntax:
($name,$dir,$type) = fileparse('Doc_Root:[Help]Rhetoric.Rnh',
$name eq 'Rhetoric'
$dir eq 'Doc_Root:[Help]'
$type eq '.Rnh'
routine returns the first element of the list produced
with the same arguments. It is provided for
compatibility with the UNIX shell command basename(1).
routine returns the directory portion of the input file
specification. When using VMS or MacOS syntax, this is identical to the
second element of the list produced by calling
with the same
input file specification. When using UNIX or MSDOS syntax, the return
value conforms to the behavior of the UNIX shell command dirname(1). This
is usually the same as the behavior of
, but differs in some
cases. For example, for the input file specification lib/,
considers the directory name to be lib/, while
directory name to be .).