Broadcasts a message from the process with rank "root" to all other processes of the group.
int MPI_Bcast ( buffer, count, datatype, root, comm )
|buffer ||starting address of buffer (choice)
|count ||number of entries in buffer (integer)
|datatype ||data type of buffer (handle)
|root ||rank of broadcast root (integer)
|comm ||communicator (handle)
If the underlying device does not take responsibility, this
functionuses a tree-like algorithm to broadcast the message to blocks
ofprocesses. A linear algorithm is then used to broadcast the
messagefrom the first process in a block to all other processes.
MPIR_BCAST_BLOCK_SIZE determines the size of blocks. If this is
setto 1, then this function is equivalent to using a pure tree algorithm.
If it is set to the size of the group or greater, it is a pure
linearalgorithm. The value should be adjusted to determine the
mostefficient value on different machines.
Notes for Fortran
All MPI routines in Fortran (except for MPI_WTIME and MPI_WTICK)
havean additional argument ierr at the end of the argument list.
ierris an integer and has the same meaning as the return value of the
routinein C. In Fortran, MPI routines are subroutines, and are invoked with
All MPI objects (e.g., MPI_Datatype, MPI_Comm) are of type
All MPI routines (except MPI_Wtime and MPI_Wtick) return an error value;
C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the
lastargument. Before the value is returned, the current MPI error handler
iscalled. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job. The error
handlermay be changed with MPI_Errhandler_set; the predefined error
handlerMPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned.
Note that MPI does not guarentee that an MPI program can continue
- No error; MPI routine completed successfully.
- Invalid communicator. A common error is to use a null
communicator in a call (not even allowed in MPI_Comm_rank).
- Invalid count argument. Count arguments must be
non-negative; a count of zero is often valid.
- Invalid datatype argument. May be an uncommitted
MPI_Datatype (see MPI_Type_commit).
- Invalid buffer pointer. Usually a null buffer where
one is not valid.
- Invalid root. The root must be specified as a rank in the
communicator. Ranks must be between zero and the size of the communicator