Using and Porting GNU CC
match_operand in an instruction pattern can specify a
constraint for the type of operands allowed.
Constraints can say whether
an operand may be in a register, and which kinds of register; whether the
operand can be a memory reference, and which kinds of address; whether the
operand may be an immediate constant, and which possible values it may
have. Constraints can also require two operands to match.